Clinical evidence for rapid transmission of Lyme disease following a tickbite

Published Date
Journal
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Citation
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Feb;72(2):188-92
DOI
10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2011.10.003
Authors
Hynote ED
Mervine PC
Stricker RB
Abstract

Lyme disease transmission to humans by Ixodes ticks is thought to require at least 36-48 h of tick attachment. We describe 3 cases in which transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi, the spirochetal agent of Lyme disease, appears to have occurred in less than 24 h based on the degree of tick engorgement, clinical signs of acute infection, and immunologic evidence of acute Lyme disease. Health care providers and individuals exposed to ticks should be aware that transmission of Lyme disease may occur more rapidly than animal models suggest. A diagnosis of Lyme disease should not be ruled out based on a short tick attachment time in a subject with clinical evidence of B. burgdorferi infection.