An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was compared with an indirect fluorescent antibody test for its ability to detect antibodies to the Lyme disease spirochete in sera of naturally infected humans, dogs, and white-footed mice and experimentally infected Swiss mice. Ninety-five percent of the total 123 sera analyzed reacted similarly in both tests. For 36 human sera, the correlation coefficient (r = 0.47) for logarithmic transformations of indirect fluorescent antibody and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay titers was significant at P less than 0.01. Within each mammalian species, mean titers for indirect fluorescent antibody and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay antibodies were within three-fold. Comparisons of different naturally infected mammals revealed relatively higher average titration endpoints in both tests for patients with Lyme disease. Human sera also had the widest range of titers. Both methods proved satisfactory for serological confirmation of prior spirochetal infections.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Aug;20(2):181-4